At an end result, can you actually have 4k video from the Sony a6000?
The Sony a6000 in XAVC S format records 1080p video at a bitrate of 50 Mbps. It cannot do 4k, however is 50 Mbps enough video data to upscale to 4k?
My source video file was
Bitrate: 51,344 kb/s size: 756MB video settings: 1080p 30fps
This was taken with the A6000 and the Sigma 16mm f/1.4 lens.
I upscaled the source footage to 4k using the 3 main sampling methods which are:
bilinear time: 414.612s Bitrate: 28231.7kbit/s Speed: 0.347x lanczos time: 391.033s Bitrate: 32241.0kbit/s Speed: 0.372x bicubic time: 420.894s Bitrate: 31330.9kbit/s Speed: 0.343x
The FFmpeg command used was
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf scale=3840x2560:flags=METHOD output.mp4
In a comparison video i used the Lanczos file because the lanczos method combines sharpness with smoothness to make the footage look better overall, Avoiding blocky footage from over sharpening. Its a popular choice.
1080p up to 4k
Looking at the screenshots below i found that upscaling the clip in FFmpeg did infact make it appear sharper than just a regular Premiere Pro upscale to 4k. The blades of grass look a little bit softer in the upscaled source as does the palm fronds.
Upscaling with a dedicated video software library (FFmpeg) instead of doing it in Premiere Pro which at the same time is encoding it, makes a lot more sense.
Obviously upscaling takes time and computing power but if you want some more “realistic” 4k than a PP upscale it is the way to go and does seem somewhat authentic.
Here is a video sample with screenshots below:
Screenshots from FFmpeg
Screenshots from Premiere Pro with crop