With thanks to stats.nba.com data can be gathered for field goal attempts, makes and percentage for distance ranges in feet.
Updated post (March 9th 2021)
From the NBA season 2010-11 through to 2019-20 the Field goal attempts, makes and percentages from ranges in five-foot intervals from 0-5 ft through to 40 plus ft:
The three-point line in the NBA is 22 feet for the corners and 23 feet for the remainder, that sees these data points as 20-24, 25-29 and 30-34.
In the latter two ranges, you can certainly see an increase in attempts and makes over the past few seasons, however the make percentage does not rise greatly.
The 15-19 ft range has seen a strong decline in attempts since 2014-15 season, however again the shot make percentage remains stable. The range would be classified as a deep mid-ranger which considering the three-point line is mere feet away, its lower reward.
For the majority of the distance ranges the shot make percentage remains stable season to season, there is not one obvious increasing trend from a glance. However, as seen below the 30-39ft range has seen more shots being made from attempts since the 2017-18 season.
Teams are shooting at 21.7% this 2019-20 season, this number was 14% in 2017-18 and just 11% in the 2015-16 season.