Doing an Ajax call without jQuery

How to make calls without Ajax in vanilla Javascript. Using Ajax requires jQuery, whilst it is a convenience, including the whole jQuery library for just Ajax is overboard.

Here is a function that replaces Ajax (plus jQuery) and allows you to do GET, PUT, POST and DELETE HTTP calls.

This is all done with XMLHttpRequest (XHR).

CodePen example.

function doAPIcall(type, url, callback) {
  var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();

  xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function () {
    if (xmlhttp.readyState == XMLHttpRequest.DONE && xmlhttp.status == 200) {
      var data = xmlhttp.responseText;
      if (callback) callback(data);
  };, url, true);

Calling the function as a GET request and assigning the returned data to the ouputHere element:

  function (data) {
    document.getElementById("outputHere").innerHTML = data; //Place data at #outputHere
<div id="outputHere"></div>

A callback is used with the function because we cannot return the data straight away… it hangs for a fraction whilst making the call. This appears as a function inside a function.